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FPC Uncle Sam

You may have seen our requests and calls-to-action on social media or in emails seeking potential plaintiffs for bringing challenges to laws that infringe on individual liberty, specifically in defense of the Second Amendment, and related issues.

But in order to bring legal challenges, we need people who have been negatively affected by a law, regulation, policy, or other governmental action to step up and join a case as a named plaintiff -- someone directly asserting a claim against a government or government actor. Take a look at the FAQ for more about what being a plaintiff entails.

Even if you don't meet the criteria listed below, you can still help by spreading the word, particularly if you know someone who might meet the criteria. Don't meet the criteria but know someone who might? Ask them to contact us!


If you meet any of the criteria below, please contact our legal team immediately by filling out our Hotline form or sending a message to hotline[at]fpchq.org

2Ahotline.com


We are currently seeking potential plaintiffs for these issues/areas:

All States

Non-Violent Felons: Challenging state and/or federal laws restricting the right of non-violent felons from purchasing or possessing firearms and/or ammunition.

  • Plaintiff requirements
    • Preferably a resident of Arkansas, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississipi, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, Tennessee, or Texas
    • Convicted of an offense that has no element of violence with a term of imprisonment exceeding one year (exceeding two years if a state law misdemeanor)
    • No involuntary commitments or judicial determinations of mental incompetency

Rights Restored: Challenging state laws that prohibits an individual from possessing firearms or ammunition on the basis of an out of state conviction for which the individual received a pardon or had the conviction expunged or set aside. 

  • Plaintiff requirements
    • Convicted of an offense that has no element of violence with a term of imprisonment exceeding one year (exceeding two years if a state law misdemeanor)
    • Received a pardon or otherwise had the conviction expunged or set aside
    • No involuntary commitments or judicial determinations of mental incompetency

Veterans' Affairs Fiduciary Assignment: Challenging the addition of an individual's information in the NICS system as a person who has been adjudicated a mental defective when the Department of Veteran's Affairs has determined that a fiduciary is needed to administer the individual's benefits.

  • Plaintiff requirements
    • Veteran who has had a fiduciary assigned to manage their benefits through the VA
    • Have no prior involuntary commitments or judicial determinations of mental incompetency
    • Eligible to pass a background check (not a prohibited person as defined by state or federal law but for the assignment of a fiduciary by the VA)
    • Preferably had previously possessed firearms and ammunition until the assignment of a fiduciary

California

Young Adult (18-20) Carry: Challenging the prohibition on young adults carrying a handgun for self-defense.

  • Plaintiff requirements:
    • Resident of San Diego County, CA
    • Ages 18-19
    • Eligible to pass a background check (not a prohibited person as defined by state or federal law)
    • No involuntary commitments or judicial determinations of mental incompetency 

Waiting Period: Challenging California's 10-day waiting period.

  • Plaintiff requirements:
    • Resident of San Diego County, CA
    • Holds a CCW or Certificate of Eligibility
    • Eligible to pass a background check (not a prohibited person as defined by state or federal law)
    • No involuntary commitments or judicial determinations of mental incompetency 

Ammunition Purchase Denial: Challenging California's failed ammunition background check system.

  • Plaintiff requirements
    • Resident of San Diego County, CA
    • Has been improperly denied by the CA DOJ for the purchase of ammunition within the past 30 days
    • Eligible to pass a background check (not a prohibited person as defined by state or federal law)
    • No involuntary commitments or judicial determinations of mental incompetency

Florida

Young Adult (18-20) Handgun Purchase: Challenging the prohibition on young adults purchasing a handgun at an FFL.

  • Plaintiff requirements:
    • Resident of Florida (Preferably Tallahassee or Leon Counties but not required)
    • Ages 18-19
    • Eligible to pass a background check (not a prohibited person as defined by state or federal law)
    • No involuntary commitments or judicial determinations of mental incompetency

Illinois

FOID: Challenging the FOID requirement to purchase/possess a firearm.

  • Plaintiff requirements:
    • Resident of Madison County, IL
    • Eligible to pass a background check (not a prohibited person as defined by state or federal law)
    • No involuntary commitments or judicial determinations of mental incompetency

Assault Weapons Ban: Challenging the prohibition of common semi-automatic firearms by name or feature by categorizing them as so-called "Assault Weapons" (examples: pistol grip, vertical forward grip, standard magazine release, collapsible stock).

  • Plaintiff requirements:
    • Resident of Cook County, IL
    • Eligible to pass a background check (not a prohibited person as defined by state or federal law)
    • No involuntary commitments or judicial determinations of mental incompetency

Indiana

Young Adult (18-20) Handgun Purchase: Challenging the prohibition on young adults purchasing a handgun at an FFL.

  • Plaintiff requirements:
    • Resident of Indiana
    • Ages 18-19
    • Eligible to pass a background check (not a prohibited person as defined by state or federal law)
    • No involuntary commitments or judicial determinations of mental incompetency

Michigan

Purchase Permits: Challenging requirement that an individual have a permit in order to purchase a firearm.

  • Plaintiff requirements:
    • Resident of Michigan
    • Eligible to pass a background check (not a prohibited person as defined by state or federal law)
    • No involuntary commitments or judicial determinations of mental incompetency

Young Adult (18-20) Handgun Purchase: Challenging the prohibition on young adults purchasing a handgun at an FFL.

  • Plaintiff requirements:
    • Resident of Michigan (Preferably the in one of the following counties: Alger, Allegan, Antrim, Baraga, Barry, Benzie, Berrien, Branch, Calhoun, Cass, Charlevoix, Chippewa, Clinton, Delta, Dickinson, Eaton, Emmet, Gogebic, Grand Traverse, Hillsdale, Houghton, Ingham, Ionia, Iron, Kalamazoo, Kalkaska, Kent, Keweenaw, Lake, Leelanau, Luce, Mackinac, Manistee, Marquette, Mason, Mecosta, Menominee, Missaukee, Montcalm, Muskegon, Newaygo, Oceana, Ontonagon, Osceola, Ottawa, Saint Joseph, Schoolcraft, Van Buren, or Wexford)
    • Ages 18-19
    • Eligible to pass a background check (not a prohibited person as defined by state or federal law)
    • No involuntary commitments or judicial determinations of mental incompetency

Out of State Handgun Purchase: Challenging the prohibition of purchasing and taking possession of a handgun out of state

  • Plaintiff requirements:
    • Resident of Michigan (Preferably the in one of the following counties: Alger, Allegan, Antrim, Baraga, Barry, Benzie, Berrien, Branch, Calhoun, Cass, Charlevoix, Chippewa, Clinton, Delta, Dickinson, Eaton, Emmet, Gogebic, Grand Traverse, Hillsdale, Houghton, Ingham, Ionia, Iron, Kalamazoo, Kalkaska, Kent, Keweenaw, Lake, Leelanau, Luce, Mackinac, Manistee, Marquette, Mason, Mecosta, Menominee, Missaukee, Montcalm, Muskegon, Newaygo, Oceana, Ontonagon, Osceola, Ottawa, Saint Joseph, Schoolcraft, Van Buren, or Wexford)
    • Eligible to pass a background check (not a prohibited person as defined by state or federal law)
    • No involuntary commitments or judicial determinations of mental incompetency

Minnesota

Purchase Permits: Challenging requirement that an individual have a permit in order to purchase a firearm.

  • Plaintiff requirements:
    • Resident of Minnesota
    • Eligible to pass a background check (not a prohibited person as defined by state or federal law)
    • No involuntary commitments or judicial determinations of mental incompetency

Out of State Handgun Purchase: Challenging the prohibition of purchasing and taking possession of a handgun out of state

  • Plaintiff requirements:
    • Resident of Minnesota
    • Eligible to pass a background check (not a prohibited person as defined by state or federal law)
    • No involuntary commitments or judicial determinations of mental incompetency

New Jersey

Concealed Carry Permit (CCP): Challenging the denial of CCP to carry a handgun for self-defense.

  • Plaintiff requirements:
    • Resident of New Jersey
    • Denied CCP by their Police Chief (or State Police if applicable)
    • Denied CCP in Superior Court
    • Age 21+
    • Eligible to pass a background check (not a prohibited person as defined by state or federal law)
    • No involuntary commitments or judicial determinations of mental incompetency 

New York

Assault Weapons Ban: Challenging the prohibition of common semi-automatic firearms by name or feature by categorizing them as so-called "Assault Weapons" (examples: pistol grip, vertical forward grip, standard magazine release, collapsible stock).

  • Plaintiff requirements:
    • Resident of New York State
    • Eligible to pass a background check (not a prohibited person as defined by state or federal law)
    • No involuntary commitments or judicial determinations of mental incompetency

Purchase Rationing: Challenging restrictions on purchasing more than one firearm in a 90-day period (1-in-90).

  • Plaintiff requirements:
    • Resident of New York City (1-in-90)
    • Eligible to pass a background check (not a prohibited person as defined by state or federal law)
    • No involuntary commitments or judicial determinations of mental incompetency

North Dakota

Young Adult (18-20) Handgun Purchase: Challenging the prohibition on young adults purchasing a handgun at an FFL.

  • Plaintiff requirements:
    • Resident of North Dakota
    • Ages 18-19
    • Eligible to pass a background check (not a prohibited person as defined by state or federal law)
    • No involuntary commitments or judicial determinations of mental incompetency

Texas

Out of State Handgun Purchase: Challenging the prohibition of purchasing and taking possession of a handgun out of state

  • Plaintiff requirements:
    • Resident of Texas (Preferably the in one of the following counties: Archer, Armstrong,  Bailey, Baylor, Borden, Brisco, Brown, Callahan, Carson, Castro, Childress, Clay, Cochran, Coke, Coleman, Collingsworth, Comanche, Concho, Cottle, Crockett, Crosby, Dallam, Dallas, Dawson, Deaf Smith, Dickens, Donley, Eastland, Ellis, Erath, Fisher, Floyd, Foard, Gaines, Garza, Glasscock, Gray, Hale, Hall, Hansford, Hardeman, Hartley, Haskell, Hemphill, Hockley, Hood, Howard, Hunt, Hutchinson, Irion, Jack, Johnson, Jones, Kaufman, Kent, King, Knox, Lamb, Lipscomb, Lubbock, Lynn, Menard, Mills, Mitchell, Montague, Moore, Motley, Navarro, Nolan, Ochiltree, Oldham, Palo Pinto, Parker, Parmer, Potter, Randall, Reagan, Roberts, Rockwall, Runnels, Schleicher, Scurry, Shackleford, Sherman, Stephens, Sterling, Stonewall, Sutton, Swisher, Tarrant, Taylor, Terry, Throckmorton, Tom Green, Wheeler, Wichita, Wilbarger, Wise, Yoakum and Young)
    • Eligible to pass a background check (not a prohibited person as defined by state or federal law)
    • No involuntary commitments or judicial determinations of mental incompetency

If you meet any of the above criteria, please contact our legal team immediately by filling out our form at 2Ahotline.com

2Ahotline.com


Prospective Plaintiff FAQ

What’s it cost?

If selected, there is no cost to participate as a plaintiff. Legal fees and costs are covered by Firearms Policy Coalition consistent with the required representation agreement.  

What are my responsibilities as a plaintiff?

First and foremost, we need you to be truthful, accurate, and thorough with the information you provide. If you’re unsure whether a piece of information is relevant, tell us! More information is always better. While some things may seem irrelevant or inconsequential, they may have a big impact on the case and your ability to participate as a plaintiff.

Next, we need your attention and attentiveness. Your FPC Legal team is there for you when you call or email, and we need the same from our plaintiffs. This just means keeping an eye on your phone and email, and responding to our messages as soon as possible. We try to give you as much time to reply as we can, but legal deadlines can be unforgiving. So we ask that you please reply to us as soon as possible, and bear with us if we're in a rush to get your response. If you have a preferred method of contact, please let us know. 

Do I have to go to court?

For the majority of our cases, our plaintiffs are not required to go to court. This is because the types of legal challenges we often pursue are determined "on the papers," meaning that after we file the lawsuit and the defendants respond, the outcome of the case is generally determined by the court without the need for a trial.

In rare cases, plaintiffs may be asked to appear for a deposition. A deposition is an opportunity for the defendants to ask you questions under oath. It typically happens in the conference room of a lawyer’s office, although with current pandemic and social distancing requirements, it is far more likely to occur via Zoom or some other form of teleconference. FPC Lawyers would help you prepare and appear with you at any deposition. 

Even more rare, is that your case goes to trial. If that were to occur, it is possible you would be called to take the witness stand and give testimony. Again, the FPC Legal team would make sure you are properly prepared and would be present at any trial. 

What if I have other questions?

If you are selected as a plaintiff, our attorneys would be happy to answer any questions prior to your decision to participate.